Innovative monitoring instruments as support tools for natural risks management

Alessandro Valletta (1), Andrea Carri (2) & Andrea Segalini (1)
(1) Università di Parma ? DIA, Parco Area delle Scienze 181/a ? 43124 Parma. (2) ASE S.r.l. ? Pad. 27, Parco Area delle Scienze 181/a ? 43124 Parma. Corresponding author e-mail: andrea.segalini@unipr.it


DOI: https://doi.org/10.3301/ROL.2019.44         Pages: 76-83

Abstract

Within the geotechnical field, monitoring systems are particularly important for what concern the description of natural phenomena and data collection for risks prevention purposes. For this reason, the need for instruments able to guarantee a continuous and prolonged control of the area has led to the development of new monitoring systems featuring higher reliability, durability and accuracy with respect to traditional approaches. With these tools, it is possible to monitor various parameters with automatic procedures and high frequency sampling, allowing to perform statistical analyses and to provide a more accurate description of the ongoing phenomenon. Another relevant aspect is the ability to realize automated systems able to remotely elaborate data recorded by on-site instrumentation. This feature has led to the development of specific software and webbased interactive platforms integrated with various technologies. These features made it possible to develop Early Warning Systems (EWS) with a near real-time approach, allowing for a more effective and reliable management of emergencies.

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